The U.S. Treasury Department has added six individuals and four entities with alleged ties to the crime group Brothers' Circle to a blacklist which bans American citizens and companies from conducting any business with them according to a press release: "today's actions are focused on the criminal networks of two key members of the Brothers Circle, Vladislav Leontyev and Gafur Rakhimov, both of whom were designated by the Treasury Department for acting on behalf of the Brothers' Circle."
According to the press release the Brothers' Circle "is a criminal group composed of leaders and senior members of several Eurasian criminal groups that are largely based in the countries of the former Soviet Union, but which also operate in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, and Latin America," and it "serves as a coordinating body for several criminal networks, mediates disputes between individual criminal networks, and directs member criminal activity globally."
The Treasury Department through its Office of Foreign Assets Control was granted the authority to take enforcement action against designated transnational crime groups under Executive Order 13581 issued by President Obama on July 24, 2011 pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, and over the last eighteen months has targeted Eurasian crime group Brothers' Circle, the Yakuza from Japan, the Camorra or Neapolitan Mafia in Italy, Mexican drug cartel Los Zetas and Central America's Mara Salvatrucha or MS-13.
The Treasury Department designations targeting the Brothers' Circle largely is a meaningless exercise given that the crime group has few commercial ties in the United States. Indeed, an economic blacklist would be much more effective against the New York-based Italian Mafia which for decades has successfully exploited the legitimate economy in order to launder its dirty money but the revenuers inexplicably refuse to designate these crime families and their members under Executive Order 13581 notwithstanding their dominant roles in the international drug trade.
Further reading that may be of interest: