New York City has agreed to pay $5 million to settle a wrongful death lawsuit over the 1986 murder of jeweler Israel Greenwald by so-called Mafia cops Louis Eppolito and Stephen Caracappa who worked for Lucchese crime family underboss Anthony "Gaspipe" Casso as reported by Stephanie Clifford for The New York Times: "Mr. Greenwald's tangential involvement with the Mafia started in 1985, when he went to Britain to help a business associate buy Treasury bills there," and "in 1985 or 1986, a longtime criminal named Burton Kaplan, who worked for Mr. Casso, hired Mr. Eppolito and Mr. Caracappa to kill Mr. Greenwald to prevent him from cooperating with the F.B.I.'s inquiry."
Eppolito and Caracappa were convicted in 2006 for multiple murders, and last year Brooklyn federal judge Raymond J. Dearie ruled that wrongful death lawsuits against the city by the victims' families may go to trial because "there was evidence to suggest the rubouts would not have occurred had Eppolito been kicked off the force or disciplined after he was 'caught red-handed' passing confidential police records to a mobster in 1984" as reported by Frank Donnelly for the Staten Island Advance:
The failure to discipline a detective who colludes with organized crime plainly courts the risk that that detective will do so again," wrote Dearie. "And it is likewise obvious that collusion between a police detective and organized crime might well lead, as it did in these cases, to unconstitutional harm to members of the public."
Apparently in the mid-1980s the NYPD under Police Commissioner Benjamin Ward was not terribly interested in holding its dirty cops to account according to a 1994 report by the Mullen Commission, and in his court opinion Judge Dearier wrote:
It [the report] describes a conscious desire among the "top brass" of the NYPD, including Commissioner Ward, to avoid disclosing corruption or disciplining corrupt officers in order to protect the NYPD's reputation. Based on the report, a jury could reasonably conclude that Ward and other high-level officials were deliberately indifferent to this widespread and persistent practice of tolerating police corruption.
The Mafia cops are serving life sentences.